Exposure to phenoxyacetic acid herbicides and predictors of exposure among spouses of farmers.

Joanna Jurewicz 1, Wojciech Hanke 2, Wojciech Sobala 2, Danuta Ligocka 2
1 - Department of Environmental Epidemiology, Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Lodz, Poland.
2 -
Ann Agric Environ Med
2012; 19 (1):
ICID: 990522
Article type: Original article
 
 
The purpose of the study was to assess the environmental exposure to 2 commonly used pesticides: 2-methyl-4- chlorophenoxyacetic acid (MCPA) and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) among spouses of farmers, not directly involved in the process of spraying. Exposure to 63 sprayings 24 women in households from the rural area of the Łódż Voivodeship in Poland was assessed. The women were asked to collect 3 biological urine samples: in the morning before spraying (sample A), in the evening after spraying (sample B), and on the morning of the next day (sample C). The determination of pesticides in urine was performed by high performance liquid chromatography, coupled with tandem mass spectrometry and negative electrospray (LC-MS/MS-ESI-). In the case of both active ingredient, the number of urine samples with the level of pesticides above limit of detection (LOD) increased from 30% in samples A to 45% in samples B and C. The average levels of herbicides increased from sample A (2.8 ng/g creatinine) to sample B (6.0 ng/g creatinine). The mean value of the C sample was 4.0 ng/g creatinine. Similar results were obtained when the average was calculated for all measurements, including those below LOD. The outdoor activity of the women during spraying was statistically significant (p=0.023), a predictor of exposure in multivariate analyses. The presented study indicates that farmers' spouses might be exposed to pesticides, even if they do not take part in the spraying.
PMID 22462445 - click here to show this article in PubMed
  FULL TEXT STATS

Recommend this article to:

Name:
E-mail:
From:
Language:


Related articles in IndexCopernicus™
     exposure to pesticides [4 related records]
     farmers spouses [0 related records]
     predictors of exposure [0 related records]



 

Related articles

A Marcinkiewicz, A Wężyk,
Dobre praktyki w opiece profilaktycznej nad kobiet...
Kluczowym działaniem w ramach dobrych praktyk w opiece profilaktycznej jest systematyczna kontrola stanu zdrowia pracujących, ocena jego związku przyczynowego z warunkami pracy oraz w efekcie – udzielanie pracownikom i pracodawcom porad w zakres...
ABSTRACT
K Polańska, W Hanke,
Polish Mother and Child Cohort Study (REPRO_PL) ...
Effects of environmental exposures in utero and in the first years of life on early life health and development is a growing research area with major public health implications. The main aim of this work has been to provide an overview of the next st...
ABSTRACT
J Śmigielski, J Ruszkowska,
The relationship between physical activity level a...
The role of leisure-time physical activity in reducing all-cause and cardiovascular mortality is well explored. The knowledge on occupational and commuting physical activity continues to be ambiguous and misleading. The aim of the study is to assess ...
ABSTRACT