Quality of life in peri- and post-menopausal Polish women living in Lublin Province - differences between urban and rural dwellers

Dorota Żołnierczuk-Kieliszek 1, Teresa Bernadetta Kulik 1, Mirosław Jerzy Jarosz 2, Agata Stefanowicz 3, Anna Pacian 1, Jolanta Pacian 1, Mariola Janiszewska 1
1 - Chair of Public Health, Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, Medical University, Lublin, Poland
2 - Department of Computer Science and Health Statistics, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland; Nursing Department, University of Economics and Innovation, Lublin, Poland
3 - Chair of Public Health, Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, Medical University, Lublin, Poland;
Ann Agric Environ Med
2012; 19 (1):
ICID: 988596
Article type: Original article
 
 
Introduction and objective: The quality of life in peri- and post-menopausal women constitutes a serious public health problem. The aim of this observational cross-sectional study was to reveal the influence of the permanent domicile on the quality of life of women in peri- and post-menopausal period, and to establish the influence of employment as a full-time agricultural worker on the quality of life in these women.
Materials and methods: The research was carried out by means of a survey using the postal questionnaire technique. Three standardized questionnaires: WHOQOL-BREF, Women's Health Questionnaire (WHQ) and SF-36 were used as research tools. An original questionnaire was also used. The study comprised a representative sample of the female population aged 45-65 living in Lublin Province. The sample size was 2,143 women.
Results: The quality of the women's life was significantly affected by the place of permanent residence. The worst quality of life was found in permanent country dwellers. City and town inhabitants revealed a considerably higher level of quality of life. Permanent place of residence in the country was an independent predictor of a poorer quality of life. Employment as a full-time agricultural worker was an independent predictor of a worse quality of life in the SOM domain of WHQ, as well as RP, RF and RE domains of SF-36. On the other hand, employment as a full-time agricultural worker was an independent predictor of a better quality of life in the SLE domain of WHQ, and psychological domain of WHOQFL-BREF.
Conclusions: Awareness of the dependence is necessary in order to effectively plan health education and physical and social health promotion campaigns. Country dwellers need special attention in the process of undertaking any preventive or curative steps.
PMID 22462457 - click here to show this article in PubMed
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