Antibiotic resistance of Escherichia coli isolated from a poultry slaughterhouse

Gabriela Gregova 1, Marta Kmetova 2, Vladimfr Kmet 3, Jan Venglovsky 1, Alexander Feher 4
1 - University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy, Kosice, Slovakia
2 - Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical and Clinical Microbiology, P. J. Safarik University, Kosice, Slovakia
3 - Institute of Animal Physiology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Kosice, Slovakia
4 - Slovak University of Agriculture, Nitra, Slovakia
Ann Agric Environ Med
2012; 19 (1):
ICID: 988586
Article type: Original article
 
 
The aim of the study was to investigate the antibiotic resistant E. coli strains isolated from bioaerosols and surface swabs in a slaughterhouse as a possible source of poultry meat contamination. The highest air coliforms contamination was during shackling, killing and evisceration of poultry. The strains showed resistance to ampicillin (89%), ceftiofur (62%) and cefquinome (22%), while resistance to ampicillin with sulbactam was only 6%. Resistance to streptomycin and gentamicin was detected in 43% vs. 14% isolates; to tetracycline 33%; to chloramphenicol and florfenicol in 10% vs. 18% isolates; to cotrimoxazol in 35% isolates; to enrofloxacin in 43 % isolates. The higher MIC of ceftazidime (3.6 mg.l-1) and ceftriaxon (5.2 mg.l-1) revealed the presence of ESBLs in 43% of isolates. From 19 selected phenotypically ESBL positive strains, 16 consisted of CMY-2 genes, while CTX-M genes were not detected by PCR. Maldi tof analysis of selected E. coli showed a clear clonal relatedness of environmental strains from various withdrawals.
PMID 22462449 - click here to show this article in PubMed
  FULL TEXT STATS

Recommend this article to:

Name:
E-mail:
From:
Language:


Related articles in IndexCopernicus™
     Escherichia coli [548 related records]
     antibiotic resistance [164 related records]
     ESBL [54 related records]
     MALDI ToF [0 related records]
     poultry slaughterhouse [0 related records]



 

Related articles

S Maktabi, M  Zarei,
Isolation and Molecular Characterization of Non-So...
Background: Escherichia coli O157:H7 (EHEC) has been traditionally associated with foodborne infections from consumption of foods with animal origin such as ground beef and burgers. Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate the cont...
ABSTRACT
M Boukhatem, M Ferhat,
PREVALENCE AND ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE OF STAPHYLOCO...
The resurgence of multiple antibiotic resistances is a major public health problem, often causing therapeutic impasses. Our study was conducted at the Bacteriology Laboratory of Kolea (Tipaza, Algeria) Hospital. The aim of this study was to determine...
ABSTRACT
S VOIDĂZAN, G MOLDOVAN,
KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDES OF GENERAL PRACTITIONERS A...
INTRODUCTION: The unprecedented multiplication of infection rates with antibiotic-resistant germs currently represents a complex problem that doctors face, driven by closely linked factors. The antibiotic resistance rate of microbial agents is unknow...
ABSTRACT