Epizootic situation and risk of rabies exposure in Polish population in 2000, with special attention to Lublin province.

A A Lyczak 1, K K Tomasiewicz 1, G G Krawczuk 1, R R Modrzewska 1
1 -
Ann Agric Environ Med
2001; 8 (2):
ICID: 4552
Article type: Editorial
In Poland in 2000 a total of 2,221 cases of animal rabies were reported, including 1,874 (84.4%) of wild animals. The evaluation of epizootic situation in 2000 has shown a few cases of animal rabies in western provinces of Poland, so in regions where a programme aimed at oral vaccination of foxes was introduced. Most cases of animal rabies were identified in the northeastern region, as well as in eastern and central Poland. In October 2000 in Warminsko-Mazurskie province (northeastern region of Poland) rabies was responsible for the death of 59-year-old woman, bitten by a rabid cat, and refused post-exposure specific antirabies prophylaxis. Among domestic animals, the highest incidence of rabies occurred in cattle--167 cases (7.5%), cats--113 (5.1%) and dogs--61 (2.7%). In the group of wild animals, red foxes accounted for 1,587 (71.5%) cases, raccoon dogs for 210 (9.5%) and martens for 36 (1.6%). People have been vaccinated against rabies in all provinces of Poland. The number of people vaccinated against rabies in regions adjoining the western border was much smaller compared to other provinces of Poland. The highest rates of using post-exposure prophylaxis occurred in northeastern regions of Poland (Warminsko-Mazurskie province) and eastern and central parts of Poland. On the basis of analysis of cases consulted in the dispensary of rabies prophylaxis in the Department of Infectious Diseases in Lublin, it can be concluded that the number of people with exposure to rabid animals is rather small. Most vaccinations are carried out when animals suspected of being rabid bite patients. These are primarily domestic animals--dogs and cats.
PMID 11748869 - click here to show this article in PubMed

Recommend this article to:


Related articles in IndexCopernicus™
     Animals [94458 related records]
     Animals, Domestic [226 related records]
     Animals, Wild [231 related records]
     Antibiotic Prophylaxis [174 related records]
     Disease Outbreaks - veterinary [108 related records]
     Environmental Exposure [1019 related records]
     Humans [273530 related records]
     Incidence [5157 related records]
     Incidence [3734 related records]
     Poland - epidemiology [2071 related records]
     Prevalence [5584 related records]
     Rabies - epidemiology [68 related records]
     Rabies - prevention & control [73 related records]
     Rabies - transmission [23 related records]
     Zoonoses [160 related records]


Related articles

H Bardhan, A Dixit,
 Morbidity profile of elderly population in G...
 Background: The geriatric population is defined as a population aged 60 years and above. The United Nation’s principles address the independence, participation, care, self-fulfillment, and dignity of older persons as an ensured priority. Kee...
S Bardisi,
Evaluation of anemia during pregnancy at Rusaifah ...
Background: Anemia is the most common medical disorder observed among pregnant women, its incidence being particularly high in many underdeveloped tropical countries where it remains a major contributing factor to maternal morbidity, and it is ...
Y Singh, ,
 he disease can occur at any age. Data regarding the magnitude and profile of this disease is almost non-existent for the NorthEastern part of the country. OBJECTIVE The current study was taken up to make an estimate of the prevalence of alop...