A study was carried out to determine the prevalence of parasitic infectionsamong the nomadic Fulanis of south-eastern Nigeria between September 2003-March 2004. Urine, stool andblood specimens were collected from each of 231 subjects. Of these, 98 (42.4%) were infected with oneor more of 14 parasitic species, of which Plasmodium malariae had the highest prevalence (15.3%). Othersincluded 6 intestinal helminth parasites: Ascaris lumbricoides, hookworm, Strongyloides stercoralis,Schistosoma mansoni, Enterobius vermicularis, Trichocephalus trichiurus, 2 protozoan parasites: Entamoebahistolytica and E. coli, 4 blood parasites: Mansonella perstans, Loa loa, Trypanosoma sp, Plasmodiumfalciparum, as well as Schistosoma haematobium recovered in the urine. Prevalence of these parasiticinfections varied significantly among bush encampments, sexes, and age groups. They had evidence of onchocerciasis.Their occupational imperatives, beliefs and general life style are contributing factors to the prevalenceof parasitic infections among the nomadic Fulanis of south eastern Nigeria. Aspects of prevalence andcontrol of parasitic infections are discussed.