Tawny owl (Strix aluco) as a potential transmitter of Enterobacteriaceae epidemiologically relevant for forest service workers, nature protection service and ornithologists
Grzegorz Grzywaczewski 1, Danuta Kowalczyk-Pecka 1, Szymon Cios 1, Wiktor Bojar 2, Andrzej Jankuszew 3, Hubert Bojar 4, Marcin Kolejko 5 1 - Department of Zoology, Animal Ecology and Wildlife Management, University of Life Science, Lublin, Poland 2 - Department of Small Ruminants Breeding and Agriculture Advisory, University of Life Science, Lublin, Poland 3 - 4 - Independent Laboratory for Cell Metabolism, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland 5 - Department of Landscape Ecology and Nature Conservation, University of Life Science in Lublin, Poland Ann Agric Environ Med 2017; 24 (1): ICID: 1230732 Article type: Original article
Established taxa within the Enterobacteriaceae wereisolated from cloacal swabs of Strix aluco chicks in nest boxes located at five research sites. ChromID ESBL medium (bioMerieux) was used to select a pool of Enterobacteriaceae strains producing extended-spectrum beta-lactamases. Drug sensitivity of the chosen strains was determined from the full pool of Enterobacteriaceae to 6 chemotherapeutics of different mechanisms of action. The study evaluated the sensitivity of ESBL-synthesizing isolates to substances belonging to penicillins, cephalosporins, cephamycins, clavams, carbapenems and monobactams. Analysis of the results indicated a potential role of Strix aluco in the dissemination of epidemiologically-relevant Enterobacteriaceae, and, importantly, pose health risks to forest service workers, nature protection service and ornithologists. The results can also serve as the basis for further environmental studies.