Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum in red deer from Central Italy

Guido Rocchigiani 1, Simona Nardoni 1, Carlo D’Ascenzi 1, Sandro Nicoloso 2, Federico Picciolli 3, Roberto A Papini 4, Francesca Mancianti 4
1 - Dipartimento di Scienze Veterinarie, Università di Pisa
2 - D.R.E.Am. Italia Soc. Coop. Agr. For. Via Garibaldi 3 – 52015 Pratovecchio (AR)
3 - D.R.E.Am. Italia Soc. Coop. Agr.
4 - Dipartimento di Scienze Veterinarie, Università di Pisa
Ann Agric Environ Med
2016; 23 (4):
ICID: 1226870
Article type: Short communication
Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii are cosmopolite protozoan parasites impacting on human and animal health. In particular, T. gondii commonly infects human beings and all warm-blooded animals, while N. caninum is responsible for bovine abortion and neuromuscular disease in dogs. The aim of the presented survey was to evaluate the occurrence and prevalence of these parasites in the most numerous Italian red deer population. The sera of 60 red deer (Cervus elaphus) inhabiting Central Italy (43°56’N 10°55’E) and killed by selective hunting were examined using an indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) for both N. caninum and T. gondii antibodies. White blood cells (buffy coat) were also checked by PCR and T. gondii DNA was genotyped. Thirteen out of 60 sera (22%) scored positive for Toxoplasma, 17 samples (28%) were Neospora positive. Coinfection was recorded in 5 cases (8%). T. gondii (genotype II) and N. caninum DNA was detected in one and 3 samples of buffy coat, respectively. The presented study is the first to examine the occurrence of these parasites in the most numerous red deer Italian population, confirming this animal species as carrier of the investigated pathogens. These animals spread near human settlements, co-inhabiting with final hosts of T. gondii and N. caninum and could contribute to their transmission to domestic ruminants and humans. In particular, the seroprevalence value for N. caninum was the highest among European records.
DOI: 10.5604/12321966.1226870
PMID 28030947 - click here to show this article in PubMed

Recommend this article to:


Related articles in IndexCopernicus™
     venison [1 related records]
     Deer [85 related records]
     Neospora caninum [14 related records]
     Toxoplasma gondii [80 related records]


Related articles

W Jiang, Y Wang,
Seroepidemiological study of canine Leishmania inf...
The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of Leishmania infantum and Toxoplasma gondii among household dogs in Shanghai (the most important industrial and commercial city in China), and to assess the possible risk factor...
J Chaparro G, M Olivera A,
 Neospora caninum serostatus in dairy cattle ...
Objectives. To determine Neospora caninum seroprevalence in nonvaccinated dairy cattle from the Northern plains of Antioquia. Materials and methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of neosporosis in a major dairy are...
L Holec-Gąsior, B Dominiak-Górski,
First report of seroprevalence of Toxoplasma g...
Introduction and objective. Toxoplasmosis is parasitic disease which has economic relevance for both veterinary and human medicine. In sheep, toxoplasmosis is a major cause of abortion and can thus cause reproductive probl...