Prevalence of rotavirus, adenovirus, hepatitis A virus and enterovirus in water samples collected from different region of Peshawar, Pakistan

Tahir Ahmad 1, Najma Arshad 2, Fazal Adnan 3, Najam-us-Sahar Sadaf Zaidi 3, Muhammad Talha Shahid 3, Usman Zahoor 4, Muhammad S Afzal 5, Sadia Anjum 6
1 - Department of Zoology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan; National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan
2 - Department of Zoology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
3 - National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan
4 - Comsat Institute of Information Technology, Abbottabad, Pakistan
5 - Department of Chemistry, School of Sciences, University of Management and Technology (UMT), Lahore, Pakistan
6 - University of Hail, Saudi Arabia
Ann Agric Environ Med
2016; 23 (4):
ICID: 1226849
Article type: Original article
 
 
Viral gastroenteritis and other water-borne diseases are the most neglected areas of research in Pakistan. To determine the quality of water, 4 enteric viruses were studied from different localities of Peshawar, Pakistan. The study validates the viral detection method for Rotavirus (RV), Human adenovirus (HAdV), Enterovirus (EV) and Hepatitis A virus (HAV), directly from water sources of rural areas of Peshawar, KPK, Pakistan. Overall, 95 five water samples were tested; among them, 9.47% were positive for RV, 38.94% for HAdV, 48.42% for EV and 12.63% for HAV. The presence of these viruses in water was directly correlated with meteorological data. High prevalence of EV and HAdV was detected frequently in the wet season from May – September, which can be the potential cause of spreading of gastroenteritis in the population. Environmental surveillance is an additional tool to evaluate the epidemiology of enteric viruses circulating in a given community.
DOI: 10.5604/12321966.1226849
PMID 28030926 - click here to show this article in PubMed
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