Identification of infectious microbiota from oral cavity environment of various population group patients as a preventive approach to human health risk factors

Paweł J. Zawadzki 1, Konrad Perkowski 2, Bohdan Starościak 3, Wanda Baltaza 4, Marcin Padzik 5, Krzysztof Pionkowski 5, Lidia Chomicz 6
1 - Clinic of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial and Oral Surgery and Implantology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
2 - Department of Orthodontics, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
3 - Department of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland,
4 - Department of Medical Biology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland Department of Disaster Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland.  
5 - Department of Medical Biology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw
6 - Department of Medical Biology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med
2016; 23 (4):
ICID: 1226847
Article type: Original article
Introduction and objective. This study presents the results of comparative investigations aimed to determine microbiota that can occur in the oral environment in different human populations. The objective of the research was to identify pathogenic oral microbiota, the potential cause of health complications in patients of different population groups.
Materials and method. The study included 95 patients requiring dental or surgical treatment; their oral cavity environment microbiota as risk factors of local and general infections were assessed.
Results. In clinical assessment, differences occurred in oral cavity conditions between patients with malformations of the masticatory system, kidney allograft recipients and individuals without indications for surgical procedures. The presence of various pathogenic and opportunistic bacterial strains in oral cavities were revealed by direct microscopic and in vitro culture techniques.
Conclusions. Colonization of oral cavities of patients requiring surgical treatment by the potentially pathogenic bacteria constitutes the threat of their spread, and development of general infections. Assessment of oral cavity infectious microbiota should be performed as a preventive measure against peri-surgical complications.
DOI: 10.5604/12321966.1226847
PMID 28030924 - click here to show this article in PubMed

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