Physical activity patterns, depressive symptoms and awareness of cardiovascular risk factors in postpartum women

Dominika Szalewska 1, Magdalena Skrzypkowska 1
1 - Clinic of Rehabilitation Medicine, Medical University of Gdańsk, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med
2016; 23 (3):
ICID: 1219195
Article type: Original article
Introduction and objectives. Although physical activity has been found to reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases and depression in the general population, little is known about physical patterns and the link with postnatal depressive symptoms and awareness of cardiovascular risk factors in postpartum women. The aim of this study was to examine physical activity patterns and their link to depressive symptoms in postpartum women. The secondary endpoint was the assessment of health awareness in women six months after delivery.
Material and methods. Eighty postpartum women with a mean age of 27±4 years (group A – 40 physically active women, group B – 40 women leading a sedentary lifestyle) completed a self-report questionnaire and The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) questionnaire.
Results. In group A, the types of physical activity undertaken in the six-month period after delivery were as follows: 20 women – housework (180 min/session), 18 women – gentle walks (180 min/session), 16 women – group fitness classes (60 min/session), 6 – rapid walking (40 min/session), 3 women – swimming (60 min/session), 2 women – jogging (45 min/session), 1 woman – squash, (45 min/session) 1 – dancing (90 min/session), 1 – tennis (60min/session). Group B declared a sedentary lifestyle and physical activity of less than 30 min a day. The level of health awareness was statistically better in women who were physically active six months after delivery than in women who led a sedentary lifestyle. On a scale with a maximum 55 points, the mean scores were 47.4 in group A and 31.2 in group B (p=0.001). Depressive symptoms were more pronounced in group B. Twenty seven women from group A and three women from group B returned to their pre-pregnancy weight (p=0.04).
Conclusions. Women who were physically active after delivery were characterized by higher health awareness and more frequent return to pre-pregnancy weight. Physical activity may be important for reducing the risk of postnatal depression.

DOI: 10.5604/12321966.1219195
PMID 27660877 - click here to show this article in PubMed

Recommend this article to:


Related articles in IndexCopernicus™
     postpartum [40 related records]
     health awareness [6 related records]
     depressive symptom [2 related records]
     physical activity [21 related records]


Related articles

, ,
Association between physical activity levels and c...
Background: Obesity is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and cardiovascular disease, and it is common across the globe in the current scenario. Body mass index is a predictor of the morbidity and mortality that ar...
S Lee, J Han,
Poor physical fitness is independently associated ...
The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between physical fitness and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in elderly Koreans. This was a cross-sectional study that involved 134 men and 299 women aged 65 to 88 years. Six senior fitness...
G Çengel, E Olgun,
 Eosinophilie Arteritis Related Spontaneous C...
 Spontaneous dissection of coronary arteries is accepted as one of the rare reasons of myocardial infarction. Spontaneous non-traumatic coronary artery dissection occurs rarely. Eosinophilic periarteritis of coronary artery may cause coronary ar...