Influence of dietary calcium intake on quantitative and qualitative parameters of bone tissue in Polish adults

Elżbieta Skowrońska-Jóźwiak 1, Maciej Jaworski 2, Roman Lorenc 2, Andrzej Lewiński 1
1 - Department of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, Medical University of Lodz, Poland
2 - Department of Biochemistry, Radioimmunology and Experimental Medicine, The Children’s Memorial Health Institute, Warsaw, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med
2016; 23 (3):
ICID: 1219194
Article type: Original article
Introduction. The objective of the study was to assess dietary calcium intake in the Polish population and its influence on selected parameters of bone tissue.
Materials and method. 1,129 osteoporosis treatment–naive subjects, aged 20–80 years, randomly selected, were involved in the study. Bone status was established using densitometry of spine and hip and quantitative ultrasound of the calcaneus. Dietary calcium intake was calculated according to data gathered in a questionnaire.
Results. Median calcium intake was 746 mg; 72% of subjects had calcium intake below the recommended dose. Calcium intake correlated negatively with age (r = -0.15; p<0.001) and positively with BMD in the spine (r = 0.06; p<0.05) and in the femoral neck (r = 0.07; p < 0.05). In subjects with the lowest calcium intake, a significantly lower femoral neck BMD and heel stiffness was noticed than in subjects with the highest calcium intake. However, multiple regression analysis showed that dietary calcium was not a predictor of low BMD, both in the hip and spine, as well as of bone stiffness in contrast to age, low BMI and female gender (p<0.0001). In all factors regression analysis, a weak influence of calcium intake on BMD was shown only in the subgroup of premenopausal women (β = 0.1; p<0.05).
Conclusions. In most subjects, dietary calcium intake was below the recommended dose; however, its influence on bone seems to be weak, except for persons with the greatest deficiency of dietary calcium and the subgroup of premenopausal women.
DOI: 10.5604/12321966.1219194
PMID 27660876 - click here to show this article in PubMed

Recommend this article to:


Related articles in IndexCopernicus™
     bone stiffness [0 related records]
     bone mineral density, [24 related records]
     Calcium Intake [1 related records]


Related articles

, ,
 Prevalence and Predictors of Low Bone Minera...
Background: Bone mineral density (BMD) is a standard measure for the diagnosis of osteoporosis andassessment of fracture risk. Breast cancer (BCA) itself may increase osteoclastic activity and subsequentlyenhancing bone resorptionObjective:To assesst...
, ,
 Changes in Bone Mineral Density in a Sample ...
 Objectives: To evaluate the changes in bone mineral density in a sample of Iraqi patients with prematuregrayness in comparison with healthy controls.Patients And Methods: A sample of one hundred Iraqi patients with premature grayness and conven...
 Possibilities of Hip Arthroplasty on the Bac...
Abstract: The results of clinical and X – ray monitoring in patients undergoing hip arthroplasty, in backgroundof subcompensated bone metabolism had been analyzed . Studied the efficacy of zoledronic acid in combinationwith calcium and active metab...