Absorbed power distribution in the whole-body system of a tractor operator

Jacek Kromulski 1, Tadeusz Pawłowski 1, Jan Szczepaniak 1, Wojciech Tanaś 2, Andrzej Wojtyła 3, Mariusz Szymanek 2, Jacek Tanaś 4, Waldemar Izdebski 5
1 - Industrial Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Poznań, Poland
2 - University of Life Sciences, Lublin, Poland
3 - Department of Health Sciences, University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland
4 - University of Technology, Lublin, Poland
5 - Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med
2016; 23 (2):
ICID: 1203908
Article type: Original article
 
 
Introduction and objective. Many people are exposed to vibration (WBV) in their occupational lives. The biodynamic responses of the human body in sitting conditions have been widely measured under whole-body vibration (WBV). The measures are most often expressed in terms of force-motion relations at the driving-point, namely, mechanical impedance, apparent mass and absorbed power, and flow of vibration through the body, such as seat-to-head and body segments vibration transmissibility. The absorbed power is a measure of the energy absorbed by the subject due to the external forces applied to the system.
Materials and methods. The body behaves like a vibrating physical system with distributed energy-storage elements (masses, springs) and energy-dissipation elements (dampers). The total quantity of power can be divided into 2 components – one real and one imaginary. The real component reflects the energy-absorbing part of the system, due to the transformation of friction into heat within the tissues. The imaginary component reflects the energy-storing part of the system which does not consume any vibration energy.
Results. The seated human is modeled as a series 4-DOF dynamic models. After introduction of the excitation, the response in particular segments of the model can be analyzed. As an example, the vibration power dissipated in an operator’s body segments has been determined as a function of the agricultural combination operating speed 1.4 – 2.75 ms-1.
Conclusions. The concept of absorbed power as a measurement for evaluation of WBV exposure opens a new area for
research. The important character of absorbed power is that it has physical significance and therefore can be measured as well as computed analytically.
The absorbed power relates to dissipation of energy attributed to relative motions of the visco-elastic tissues, muscles and skeletal system, which under prolonged exposures could lead to physical damage in the musculoskeletal system. A structural model of the human operator allows determination of the dynamic characteristics of the model, and study of the energy flow between the elements of the model.
DOI: 10.5604/12321966.1203908
PMID 27294650 - click here to show this article in PubMed
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