Pro-health behaviours – a sense of coherence as the key to a healthy lifestyle in rural areas?

Monika Binkowska-Bury 1, Grażyna Iwanowicz-Palus 2, Wacław Kruk 1, Lidia Perenc 3, Artur Mazur 3, Rafał Filip 4, Paweł Januszewicz  3
1 - Institute of Nursing and Health Sciences, Medical Department, University of Rzeszow, Poland
2 - Independent Practical Obstetric Skills Unit, Medical University, Lublin, Poland
3 - Medical Faculty, University of Rzeszow, Rzeszow, Poland
4 - Medical Faculty, University of Rzeszow, Rzeszow, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med
2016; 23 (2):
ICID: 1203903
Article type: Original article
Background. Health-related behaviours and lifestyle are related to the salutogenic concept of health, whereas the major public health problems faced in rural areas include difficulties in encouraging people to a healthy lifestyle.
Objective. The aim of the study is to explore mutual relationships between psychosocial-demographic factors and a sense of coherence.
Material and method. Two-stage sampling was applied. Data were collected with the use of the Juczynski Health Behaviours Inventory and Antonovsky’s SOC-29 (Sense of Coherence Questionnaire). The study was conducted among 668 adults. Data were statistically prepared using one-way ANOVA test, linear correlation analysis, and linear regression model.
Results. A higher level of pro-health behaviours is associated with gender, self-rated health, sense of coherence and age. Almost half of the farmers were characterized by a low level of pro-health attitudes. A higher level of pro-health behaviours was demonstrated by less than one-fifth of the farmers.
Conclusions. There is a strong association between sense of coherence and pro-health behaviours. Farmers have bad habits and pro-health attitudes to health and poorer self-assessment of their health. There is a great need to monitor health-related behaviour, increase the effectiveness of health promotion and health education in shaping a pro-health lifestyle among residents of rural areas, particularly among farmers.
DOI: 10.5604/12321966.1203903
PMID 27294645 - click here to show this article in PubMed

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