Epidemiological analysis of diseases of children and adolescents requiring neurological and mobility rehabilitation in the Świętokrzyskie Rehabilitation Center in Czarniecka Góra, Poland

Marek L Grabowski 1, Bożena Kosińska 2, Józef P Knap 3, Zbigniew Lewandowski 3
1 - Department of Nursing, School of Management, Częstochowa, Poland
2 - The Independent Regional Public Psychiatric Hospital, Radom, Poland
3 - Department of Epidemiology, Institute of Social Medicine, Warsaw Medical University, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med
2016; 23 (2):
ICID: 1203887
Article type: Original article
 
 
Introduction and objective. Epidemiological analysis of the dynamics of admissions and patient characteristics is presented concerning 5,955 children and adolescents (3–18 years of age) hospitalized in 2007–2013 with neurological and mobility diseases in Świętokrzyskie Rehabilitation Centre (ŚRC) in southern Poland.
Materials and method. Within the period of 7 years, 18,647 patients were admitted to the ŚRC, of whom 9,546 were admitted to the daily ward and 9,109 to the stationary wards. 5,955 were children and adolescents aged 3–18, 1,499 were children aged 3–13 and almost three times more were patients aged 14–18. The correlation between the number of admissions in each year and the number of those hospitalized depending on the age and diagnosis was examined.
Results. In the discussed period, in both age ranges, the group of deforming dorsopathies dominated, while cerebral palsy was the second most common cause of hospitalization, and the and post-traumatic disorder the smallest number. In the diagnoses of cerebral palsy and post-traumatic disease, boys constituted most of the hospitalized. In contrast, girls dominated in the group of deforming dorsopathies.
Discussion. Analysis of the material of 5,955 patients revealed a number of quantitative data which assisted in the analysis of the epidemiological situation of this group of diseases – necessary for the planning of highly specialized treatment and rehabilitation. The greatest needs in terms of admissions to the ŚRC concerned the group of adolescents aged 14–18. The results of combined rehabilitation indicated the full use of places in the Świętokrzyskie Rehabilitation Center and also indicated the need for similar provincial and even regional centres.
DOI: 10.5604/12321966.1203887
PMID 27294629 - click here to show this article in PubMed
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