Psychosocial problems of women with stress urinary incontinence
Grażyna Stadnicka 1, Celina Łepecka-Klusek 2, Anna Pilewska-Kozak 2, Grzegorz Jakiel 3 1 - Independent Practical Obstetric Skills Unit, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Lublin, Poland 2 - Chair and Department of Gynaecology and Gynaecological Endocrinology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Lublin, Poland 3 - First Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical Centre for Postgraduate Education, Warsaw, Poland Ann Agric Environ Med 2015; 22 (3): ICID: 1167723 Article type: Original article
Objective. The aim of the study was evaluation of the influence of stress urinary incontinence on women’s quality of life.
Material and method. The study covered 275 women between 30–65 years of age.
The study was conducted using the following tools: Gaudenz Questionnaire, King’s Health Questionnaire (KHQ), Female Sexual Function Index (FIFI) Questionnaire, and a questionnaire devised by the authors of the study.
Results. The study shows that the disease has a negative effect on evaluation of the quality of thee women’s lives. The symptoms of stress urinary incontinence had a significant influence on the feeling of emotional comfort, social and professional activity of the surveyed women – respectively p= 0.000; p=0.000; p=0.000. Nearly every third woman (28.7%) felt great mental discomfort related to the disease symptoms, 31.7% a considerable discomfort, 33.1% a moderate, and very few women (6.5 %) claimed that the disease had a minimal effect on their emotional state. About two-thirds of the surveyed women (68.7%) were sexually active, and the remaining 31.3% declared the lack of sexual intercourse.
Conclusions. The occurrence of stress urinary incontinence symptoms affects the quality of life of women, especially their mental state and interpersonal contacts. Most women with the symptoms of stress urinary incontinence fulfill their sexual needs; however, many of them do not feel complete satisfaction with their sex life.
DOI: 10.5604/12321966.1167723 PMID 26403124 - click here to show this article in PubMed