Influence of airborne pollen counts and length of pollen season of selected allergenic plants on the concentration of sIgE antibodies on the population of Bratislava, Slovakia

Jana Ščevková 1, Jozef Dušička 1, Martin Hrubiško 2, Karol Mičieta 1
1 - Department of Botany, Comenius University, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakia
2 - Institute of Laboratory Medicines, Slovak Medical University, Bratislava, Slovakia
Ann Agric Environ Med
2015; 22 (3):
ICID: 1167712
Article type: Original article
Introduction and objective. The association between airborne pollen counts or duration of pollen season and allergy symptoms is not always distinguished. The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between pollen exposure (annual total pollen quantity and main pollen season length) of selected allergenic plants in the atmosphere of Bratislava, and concentration of allergen-specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) in serum of patients with seasonal allergy during 2002–2003.
Materials and methods. The concentration of pollen was monitored by a Burkard volumetric pollen trap. At the same time, 198 pollen allergic patients were testing to determine the values of sIgE antibodies against selected pollen allergens; a panel of 8 purified allergens was used.
Results. The highest percentages of sensitization were detected for Poaceae and Ambrosia pollen allergens. The most abundant airborne pollen types were Urticaceae, Betula, Populus, Fraxinus, Pinus and Poaceae. The length of the pollen season varied. The longest pollen season was that of the Plantago – 105 days, and the shortest, Corylus – 20 days. A significant correlation was found between annual total pollen quantity and median sIgE values, especially in 2002.
Conclusions. A strong and significant positive correlation was observed between pollen counts, excluding Betula, and sIgE levels in both analysed years. The correlation was weaker and negative in the case of length of pollen season and sIgE values.
DOI: 10.5604/12321966.1167712
PMID 26403113 - click here to show this article in PubMed

Recommend this article to:


Related articles in IndexCopernicus™
     Slovakia [3 related records]
     pollinosis [26 related records]
     pollen season length [0 related records]
     allergen-specific IgE [0 related records]
     airborne pollen [9 related records]


Related articles

 Zákutná, E Dorko,
Sero-epidemiological study of Lyme disease among h...
IIntroduction and objective. The aim of the presented cross-sectional sero-epidemiological study was to determine the current presence of antibodies against B. burgdorferi s.l. in the high-risk groups of the Slovak population, and to id...
P Alcázar, C Galán,
Detection of airborne allergen (Pla a 1) in relati...
Córdoba is one of the Spanish cities with the highest records of plane tree pollen grains in the air. Clinical studies have identified Platanus as a major cause of pollinosis. This fact provokes an important public health problem during early...
Z Kalinová, M Halánová,
Occurrence of antibodies to Anaplasma phagocytophi...
Introduction and objectives. Human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA) is an emerging tick-borne infectious disease caused by Anaplasma phagocytophilum. In Europe, the first serological evidence of HGA was described in 1995 in Switzerland...