First evidence of Babesia venatorum and Babesia capreoli in questing Ixodes ricinus ticks in the Czech Republic

Kristyna Venclikova 1, Jan Mendel 2, Lenka Betasova 2, Zdenek Hubalek 3, Ivo Rudolf 4
1 - Institute of Vertebrate Biology, Academy of Sciences, Brno, Czech Republic Masaryk University, Department of Experimental Biology, Brno, Czech Republic
2 - Institute of Vertebrate Biology, Academy of Sciences, Brno, Czech Republic
3 - Institute of Vertebrate Biology, Academy of Sciences, Brno, Czech Republic Masaryk University, Department of Experimental Biology, Brno, Czech Republic
4 - Institute of Vertebrate Biology, Academy of Sciences, Brno, Czech Republic Masaryk University, Department of Experimental Biology, Brno, Czech Republic
Ann Agric Environ Med
2015; 22 (2):
ICID: 1152067
Article type: Original article
 
 
Introduction and objective. Ixodes ricinus is the most common tick species occurring in Central Europe and it serves as a principal vector of emerging human pathogens. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Babesia spp. in host-seeking I. ricinus in urban and natural habitats.
Materials and methods. PCR was applied on samples to assess prevalence of Babesia spp. in questing ixodid ticks. Sequencing was used for Babesia species determination.
Results. 1,473 I. ricinus ticks (1,294 nymphs, 99 males and 80 females) were examined for the presence of Babesia spp. at the two study sites. Minimum infection rate for Babesia spp. was found to be 0.5% (infected I. ricinus nymphs were only detected in the natural ecosystem). Two Babesia species were identified by sequencing: B. venatorum (formerly called Babesia sp. EU1) and B. capreoli.
Conclusions. The results obtained represent the first evidence of the occurrence of B. venatorum and B. capreoli in host-seeking I. ricinus ticks in the Czech Republic.

DOI: 10.5604/12321966.1152067
PMID 26094510 - click here to show this article in PubMed
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Related articles in IndexCopernicus™
     Ixodid Ticks [2 related records]
     [i]Ixodes ricinus[i] [0 related records]
     [i]Babesia capreoli[i] [0 related records]
     [i]Babesia venatorum[i] [0 related records]
     [i]Babesia[i] sp. EU1 [0 related records]



 

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