Symptoms of depression among adults in rural areas of western Poland

Dorota Łojko 1, Alina Czajkowska 2, Aleksandra Suwalska 1, Wiktor Pałys 3, Krystyna Jaracz 4, Krystyna Górna 4, Joanna Pniewska 4, Katarzyna Gołębiewska 4, Urszula Baron 4, Janusz Rybakowski 1
1 - Department of Adult Psychiatry, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
2 - Family Physician Practice AR-MED, Sokolniki, Poland
3 - Department of Adult Psychiatry, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
4 - Department of Neurological and Psychiatric Nursing, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med
2015; 22 (1):
ICID: 1141386
Article type: Original article
Objective. To measure the intensity of depressive symptoms in the populations residing in rural areas of western Poland, and to delineate the putative association between the intensity of depression and selected socio-demographic and clinical factors.
Materials and method. The study covered 445 adults recruited from one family physician practice in the rural area of Wielkopolska region. The following tools were applied: Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the WHO WHOQoL-Bref quality of life assessment scale, and a socio-demographic and clinical questionnaire elaborated by the authors.
Results. Depressive symptoms were observed in approx. 30% of the patients. The intensity of symptoms correlated with age, female gender, and inversely correlated with the quality of life. There was no association between depressive symptoms and level of education (counted as years of education), number of somatic illnesses, and family burden of psychiatric disorders.
Conclusion. Symptoms of depression were noted in approx. 30% of patients who consulted their family physician. The Beck questionnaire is a simple tool whose application could decidedly improve the recognition of depression. It is worth taking note of factors that may be connected with the intensity of depressive symptoms – gender, the number of diagnosed somatic illnesses, and the quantity of drugs administered.

DOI: 10.5604/12321966.1141386
PMID 25780846 - click here to show this article in PubMed

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