Epidemiology of human toxocariasis in Poland – A review of cases 1978–2009
Anna Borecka 1, Teresa Kłapeć 2 1 - Laboratory of Genetic Epidemiology, Military Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Warsaw, Poland 2 - Department of Water and Soil Safety, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland Ann Agric Environ Med 2015; 22 (1): ICID: 1141364 Article type: Review article
Toxocariasis is a helminthozoonosis due to the infection of humans with larvae belonging to the Toxocara genus. Humans become infected as a result of accidental consumption of infected eggs containing third stage larvae (L3) nematodes from Toxocara canis or Toxocara cati species. Toxocariasis was recognized for the first time in the early 1950s, and the first cases of toxocariasis in Poland were described a few years later. Toxocariasis is clinically classified into several types: classic and incomplete visceral larva migrans (VLM) syndrome, ocular larva migrans (OLM) syndrome, neurological toxocariasis (NLM), covert toxocariasis and asymptomatic toxocariasis. In 1994–2005, 18,367 sera of people suspected of being infected with Toxocara were analysed, 1.8–76% had anti- Toxocara antibodies. In the period 1978–2009, 1,022 clinical cases of toxocariasis were recognized in Poland. In the opinion of the authors, in order to reduce the frequency of toxocariasis in human populations, some prophylaxis should undertaken, e.g. public education of zoonotic diseases, systematic control of animal, deworming of pets, cleaning pets’ faeces by the owners.
DOI: 10.5604/12321966.1141364 PMID 25780823 - click here to show this article in PubMed