Epidemiology of human toxocariasis in Poland – A review of cases 1978–2009

Anna Borecka 1, Teresa Kłapeć 2
1 - Laboratory of Genetic Epidemiology, Military Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Warsaw, Poland
2 - Department of Water and Soil Safety, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med
2015; 22 (1):
ICID: 1141364
Article type: Review article
Toxocariasis is a helminthozoonosis due to the infection of humans with larvae belonging to the Toxocara genus. Humans become infected as a result of accidental consumption of infected eggs containing third stage larvae (L3) nematodes from Toxocara canis or Toxocara cati species. Toxocariasis was recognized for the first time in the early 1950s, and the first cases of toxocariasis in Poland were described a few years later. Toxocariasis is clinically classified into several types: classic and incomplete visceral larva migrans (VLM) syndrome, ocular larva migrans (OLM) syndrome, neurological toxocariasis (NLM), covert toxocariasis and asymptomatic toxocariasis. In 1994–2005, 18,367 sera of people suspected of being infected with Toxocara were analysed, 1.8–76% had anti- Toxocara antibodies. In the period 1978–2009, 1,022 clinical cases of toxocariasis were recognized in Poland. In the opinion of the authors, in order to reduce the frequency of toxocariasis in human populations, some prophylaxis should undertaken, e.g. public education of zoonotic diseases, systematic control of animal, deworming of pets, cleaning pets’ faeces by the owners.
DOI: 10.5604/12321966.1141364
PMID 25780823 - click here to show this article in PubMed

Recommend this article to:


Related articles in IndexCopernicus™
     Poland [11857 related records]
     cases [9 related records]
     Toxocariasis [0 related records]


Related articles

M Bryła, I Maniecka-Bryła,
Years of life lost of inhabitants of rural areas i...
Introduction. External causes of death are the third most common causes of death, after cardiovascular diseases and malignant neoplasms, in inhabitants of Poland. External causes of death pose the greatest threat to people aged 5–44, which r...
N Yilmaz, H Karaalp-Orhan,
 Comparative Advantage of Textiles and Cloth...
The comparative advantage and intra-industry trade of five countries: Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Turkey, are analyzed in the global textile and clothing markets by employing Balassa’s revealed comparative advantage (RCA) index and...

Dental treatment needs in patients of a Lublin den...
Introduction. Evaluation of the oral health among adult Poles carried out in the framework of the “National Monitoring of Oral Health and Its Determinants” study and the research results of clinical centers in Poland indicate that dental c...