Psychoactive substances use experience and addiction or risk of addiction among by Polish adolescents living in rural and urban areas

Beata Pawłowska 1, Maciej Zygo 2, Emilia Potembska 3, Lucyna Kapka-Skrzypczak 4, Piotr Dreher 5, Zbigniew Kędzierski 6
1 - Department of Psychiatry, Medical University in Lublin, Poland
2 - Prof. Mieczysław Kaczyński Neuropsychiatric Hospital in Lublin Independent Public Healthcare Establishment, Poland
3 - Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital no 1 in Lublin, Poland
4 - Department of Molecular Biology and Translational Research, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland; Department of Medical Biology and Translational Research, Faculty of Medicine, University of Information Technology and Management, Rzeszow, Poland
5 - Public Health Chair and Department, Medical University in Lublin, Poland
6 - Military University Hospital no 1 in Lublin with the Outpatient Department Independent Public Healthcare Establishment, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med
2014; 21 (4):
ICID: 1129932
Article type: Original article
 
 
The objective of the study was to determine the similarities and differences between adolescents with psychoactive substances use experience living in urban and rural areas as regards the intensity of Internet addiction symptoms as well as the evaluation of prevalence of psychoactive substances use among adolescents depending on the place of residence. The examined group consisted of 1 860 people (1 320 girls and 540 boys) their average age being 17 years. In the study the following research methods were used: the Sociodemographic Questionnaire designed by the authors, the Internet Addiction Questionnaire by Potembska, the Internet Addiction test by Young, the Internet Addiction Questionnaire (KBUI) designed by Pawłowska and Potembska. Statistically significant differences were found as regards the prevalence of psychoactive substances use by the adolescents living in urban and rural areas and as regards the intensity of Internet addiction symptoms in adolescents, both from the urban and rural areas, who use and do not use illegal drugs. Significantly more adolescents living in urban areas as compared to their peers living in rural areas use psychoactive substances, mainly marihuana. The adolescents who use psychoactive substances, as compared to the adolescents with no experience using illegal drugs, living both in urban and rural areas significantly more often play online violent games and use web pornography. The adolescents living in rural areas who use psychoactive substances significantly more often as compared to the adolescents who do not use these substances claim that it is only thanks to the interactions established on the Internet that they can get acceptance, understanding and appreciation.
DOI: 10.5604/12321966.1129932
PMID 25528919 - click here to show this article in PubMed
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