Prevalence of tick-borne pathogens in an urban park in Rome, Italy

Fabiola Mancini 1, Marco Di Luca 1, Luciano Toma 2, Fenicia Vescio 2, Riccardo Bianchi 2, Cristina Khoury 3, Luca Marini 4, Giovanni Rezza 2, Alessandra Ciervo 5
1 - Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immune­Mediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy
2 - Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immune-Mediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy
3 - Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immune-Mediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy;
4 - Regional Park of Bracciano and Martignano, Rome, Italy
5 - 1Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immune-Mediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy
Ann Agric Environ Med
2014; 21 (4):
ICID: 1129922
Article type: Original article
introduction. Limited information is available about the presence of tick-borne pathogens in urban parks in Italy. To fill this gap, ticks were collected in a public park in Rome over a 1-year period and screened by molecular methods for tick-borne pathogens.
results and conclusion. The most abundant tick species were Rhipicephalus turanicus and Ixodes ricinus. The predominant pathogens detected were Borrelia. burgdorferi sensu lato (36%), Rickettsia spp. (36%), and Coxiella burnetii (22%). Among less frequently detected pathogens, Babesia microti was detected for the first time in Italy, with a prevalence of 4%. Neither Bartonella spp. nor Francisella tularensis were detected. With regard to co-infections, the most frequent double and triple
infections involved Rickettsia spp., B. burgdorferi sl., and C. burnetii.. A positive correlation was detected between pathogens and I. ricinus. Further studies are needed in order to assess risk associated with tick-borne pathogens in urban areas.

DOI: 10.5604/12321966.1129922
PMID 25528909 - click here to show this article in PubMed

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