Study on the concentration of airbone respirable asbestos fibres in rural areas
of the Lublin region in south-east Poland
Agnieszka Buczaj 1, Wojciech Brzana 1, Joanna Tarasińska 2, Marcin Buczaj 3, Piotr Choina 4 1 - Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland 2 - Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Life Sciences, Lublin, Poland 3 - Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Faculty, Lublin University of Technology, Poland 4 - Department of Public Health, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland Ann Agric Environ Med 2014; 21 (3): ICID: 1120617 Article type: Original article
Objective. The objective of the study was measurement of the concentrations of airborne asbestos fibres in the rural environment of the Lublin Region in south-east Poland.
Methods. Measurements of concentrations of respirable asbestos fibres were carried out in the rural areas of the Lublin Region (Lublin and Włodawa counties) for a period of 24 months. The studies were conducted on 3 farms with various technical conditions of asbestos-containing materials: Farm A – good technical condition of asbestos products, Farm B – poor technical condition, and Farm C – with no asbestos containing products and no such products in its direct vicinity (up to 500 m). On the selected farms, 3 samples on each were simultaneously collected at 3 measuring sites. During the period 2009–2011, a total number of 216 samples were collected on all farms. Sampling was performed using JSH 16,000 stationary aspirators, with air flow velocity of 16 l/min. and sampling time 60–80 minutes. The number of fibres on filters was determined using an optical phase contrast microscope.
Results. The study showed that the mean concentration of respirable asbestos fibres on the farms examined was 296 fibres•m -3. The highest concentrations were noted on Farm B was 529 fibres•m -3, on average; on farm A the mean concentration of respirable fibres was 328 fibres•m -3 , whereas the lowest mean concentration of airborne respirable asbestos fibres was noted on farm C, where there were no asbestos products (30 fibres•m -3 ).
DOI: 10.5604/12321966.1120617 PMID 25292144 - click here to show this article in PubMed