The assessment of selected factors influencing intent to get pregnant in the Greater Poland Region
Małgorzata Wojciechowska 1, Hanna Krauss 2, Paweł Bogdański 3, Kinga Mikrut 2, Zuzanna Chęcińska 2, Monika Szulińska 4, Jacek Piątek 5, Beata Pięta 6, Przemysław Sosnowski 2, Wioletta Żukiewicz-Sobczak 5, Justyna Kupsz 2 1 - Mother and Child Health Department, K. Marcinkowski University of Medical Science, Poznań, Poland 2 - Physiology Department, K. Marcinkowski University of Medical Science, Poznań, Poland 3 - Department and Clinic of Internal Diseases, Metabolic Disorders and Hypertension, K. Marcinkowski University of Medical Science, Poznań, Poland 4 - Department and Clinic of Internal Diseases, Metabolic Disorders and Hypertension, K. Marcinkowski University of Medical
Science, Poznań, Poland 5 - Department of Allergology and Environmental Hazards, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland 6 - Mother and Child Health Department, K. Marcinkowski University of Medical Science, Poznań, Poland Ann Agric Environ Med 2014; 21 (2): ICID: 1108620 Article type: Original article
introduction and objective. Nowadays, people decide to have a baby by first analysing their financial situation. Tradition is no longer a factor which determines the decision whether or not to have a baby. A prognosis of the Polish Central Statistical Office (GUS) shows that the population of Poland will fall from 38 to 36 million by 2035. The aim of this study is to assess the procreation behaviour of women in Greater Poland Region.
materials and methods. For the research purpose, 3,120 women of reproductive age were examined by using an author designed questionnaire and a synthetic Family Financial Standard Index.
results: 74.6% of the respondents lived in an urban area, 25.4% of women come from a rural area. 49% of examined women did not want to have a bigger family, 45% would like to have another child. Analysis of the reasons why women did not want to have another baby revealed that predominance of the financial factor – 67%, living conditions – 18.4% and health– 13.2%. Only 11.9% of the women declared their high financial status, 4.8% of families received family allowance from the government; 88.4% of the examined families did not receive any social benefits. Bad housing situation was declared by 5% of the respondents, 26.7% of the interviewees lived with family members, i.e. parents or grandparents. Analysis of the data concerning religious bonds showed that 67.6% of women declared their indifference to religion.
conclusions. The economic factor was an important reason limiting procreation. The bad situation on the real estate market combined with an insufficient range of social welfare led to a decrease in the birth-rate in the Greater Poland region. The impact of religion on family planning was less important. The influence of the analysed socio-economic factors on family planning was similar in rural and urban areas.
DOI: 10.5604/1232-1966.1108620 PMID 24959805 - click here to show this article in PubMed