Toxoplasma gondii in protected wildlife in the Tatra National Park (TANAP), Slovakia

Ludmila Turčeková 1, Zuzana Hurníková 2, František Spišák 1, Martina Miterpáková 1, Barbara Chovancová 3
1 - Institute of Parasitology SAS, Slovak Republic
2 - Institute of Parasitology SAS, Slovak Republic, University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy, Košice, Slovak Republic
3 - Research Station and Museum of the Tatra National Park, Tatranská Lomnica, Slovak Republic
Ann Agric Environ Med
2014; 21 (2):
ICID: 1108582
Article type: Original article
 
 
Toxoplasma gondii is an obligatory intracellular protozoan parasite that infects a broad spectrum of warm-blooded vertebrate species. As a part of the food chain, farm animals play a significant role in transmission of T. gondii to humans, while rats and mice serve as a main source of infection for free-living animals. The spread of toxoplasmosis in the human population is due to the interchange of the domestic and sylvatic cycles. During 2009–2011, a survey on toxoplasmosis distribution was conducted in wildlife of the Tatra National Park (TANAP) in Slovakia. A total of 60 animals were examined. The presence of T. gondii was detected by means of molecular methods based on TGR1E gene analyses. The highest prevalence was recorded in birds (40.0%), followed by carnivores (30.8%) and rodents (18.2%). RFLP analyses of SAG2 locus confirmed in birds the genotype II and III, belonging to the avirulent strain; rodents exclusively had genotype I, characterised as a virulent train, and in carnivores all three genotypes were detected. These results present the first survey on the parasite’s occurrence in several species of free-living animals in the TANAP area. An epidemiological study confirmed the prevalence of 30.0%, implicitly referring to the level of environmental contamination with T. gondii oocysts.
DOI: 10.5604/1232-1966.1108582
PMID 24959767 - click here to show this article in PubMed
  FULL TEXT STATS

Recommend this article to:

Name:
E-mail:
From:
Language:


Related articles in IndexCopernicus™
     Genotype [3343 related records]
     DNA [323 related records]
     TANAP [0 related records]
     free-living animals [0 related records]
     Toxoplasma gondii [80 related records]



 

Related articles

B Uyar, O Sivrikoz,
Penis Derisinde Human Papillom Virüs Tip 58’in ...
Human papillomavirus (HPV) giderek melanom dışı cilt kanserlerinin önemli bir nedeni olarak kabul edilmektedir. Bu nedenle HPV ile ilişkili enfeksiyonlarda özellikle tarama, erken teşhis ve tedavi büyük öneme sahiptir. Burada kanserojen ola...
ABSTRACT
A Azadi , A Azarkeivan ,
 Determination of Hepatitis C virus subtypes ...
 Determination of Hepatitis C virus subtypes in thalassemia patients by phylogenetic analysis by NS5B region Azadi A.1, Azarkeivan A.2,3, Zamani F.4, Eslami M.S.2,3, Eshragiyan M.1, Samimi-Rad K.1 1School of Public Health, Tehran Uni...
ABSTRACT
A Bissinger, C Fehrle,
Epidemiology and Genotyping of Patients wi...
Background: Knowledge on HBV prevalence and genotype distribution in Europe still is hampered by lack of coherent data sampling, small numbers of patients studied so far, and also modern times migration which influences both parameters in a quite dyn...
ABSTRACT