The influence of passive and active moral training on medical university on changes of students’ moral competence index – results from randomized single blinded trial

Izabela Rzymska 1, Paweł Rzymski 2, Maciej Wilczak 3, Anna Włoszczak-Szubzda 4, Mirosław J. Jarosz 4, Michał Musielak 1
1 - Departament of Social Science, Karol Marcinkowski University of Medical Science, Poznań, Poland
2 - Department of Mother’s and Child’s Health, Karol Marcinkowski University of Medical Science, Poznań, Poland
3 - Department of Educational Medicine, Karol Marcinkowski University of Medical Science, Poznań, Poland; Higher Vocational State School, Kalisz, Poland
4 - Department of Health Informatics and Statistics, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland;Faculty of Pedagogy and Psychology, University of Economics and Innovation, Lublin, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med
2014; 21 (1):
ICID: 1095359
Article type: Original article
Introduction and Objectives. Human’s life as well as medical professions consist of many moral dilemmas. The aim of our study was to evaluate moral competences of midwifery students during their whole university education (3 year course) based on their moral competences C-index. Material and Method: We performed randomized single blinded 3-year follow-up trial of 72 midwifery students. Standard Moral Judgment Test (MJT) By Georg Lind was used accompanied by own questionnaire. Moral competences were calculated (C-index) according to Lind’s methodology. Subjects were also divided into active and passive ethics training to search for differences. Results. C-index varied during studies insignificant (p=0.14). Randomized groups were equal at the beginning point, no significant differences were noticed. Active ethics teaching did not increase C-index compared to controls in all measuring points (P1-P4, respectively p=0,41 and p=0,38). Conclusions. During 3 year studies at medical university moral competences measured by C-index varied insignificantly, but simultaneously the change in C-index was dependent on its value at the beginning of the trial. There was not statistically significant influence of active ethic’s teaching compared to controls. Among social factors parents have strongest influence on students’ morality, but growing role of Medical University in this hierarchy raises hopes for improvement in effectiveness of training in ethics.
PMID 24738517 - click here to show this article in PubMed

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