Intensification of anxiety and depression, and personal resources among women during the peri-operative period
Magdalena Lewicka 1, Marta Makara -Studzińska 2, Magdalena Sulima 1, Henryk Wiktor 1 1 - Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Obstetric-Gynaecological Nursing, Medical University of Lublin, Poland 2 - Department of Applied Psychology, Medical University of Lublin, Poland Ann Agric Environ Med 2014; 21 (1): ICID: 1095347 Article type: Original article
Aim. Surgical treatment of women due to gynaecological disorders is the cause of stress and may lead to psychological changes. Studies concerning human response to stress emphasize the importance of the effect of the level of the sense of coherence, anxiety, depression, dispositional optimism and skills of expressing emotions on the quality of feelings and
experiences in difficult situations.
Materials and methods. The study covered 232 women who had undergone gynaecological surgery due to various causes. Permission to conduct the research was obtained from the Bioethical Commission at the Medical University in Lublin. The study was carried out with the use of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), the Beck Depression Inventory, Courtauld Emotional Control Scale (CECS), and Life Orientation Test – Revised (LOT-R).
Results and conclusions. The study showed that investigations of the sense of coherence, level of anxiety and depression, and personal resources allow determination of the characteristics of patients who should be covered with special psychoprophylactic care during the peri-operative period. In addition, the results of own studies obtained may be used for the development of adequate principles of psycho-prophylactic management in the course of the diagnostic-treatment proces with respect to women who had undergone surgical treatment due to gynaecological disorders.
PMID 24738504 - click here to show this article in PubMed