Environmental Risks Perception – A Study of the awareness of families to threats in areas with increased health disorders in children

Grzegorz Dziubanek 1, Ewa Marchwińska-Wyrwał 1, Agata Piekut 1, Ilona Hajok 1, Teresa Bilewicz-Wyrozumska 2, Bernadeta Kuraszewska 3
1 - Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
2 - Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
3 - Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med
2013; 20 (3):
ICID: 1067439
Article type: Original article
Introduction: Children are at greater risk than adults to experience adverse effects from environmental agents. Significant neurological damage to children can occur even at very low levels of exposure. Reliable protection of children living in areas with high environmental hazards is not possible without their parent’s’ understanding of where, how and why children’s exposures occur.
Objectives: The aim of the presented study was to indicate families’ awareness of environmental risks with increased health disorders in children in the chosen area of the Silesian Province.
Materials and Methods: Rates of development disorders in general, including physical and psychomotor development disorders, in a population of children from the study area were estimated. A questionnaire was used in order to explore through a door-to-door survey the perceptions of environmental risk in a population of 2,491 residents.
Results: The presented study shows that the parents’ awareness of environmental health risks is not satisfactory. The majority expressed an opinion that the outdoor environment exerts a major influence upon the state of health, but less than 1% of the parents were aware of the indoor environmental risk.
Conclusion: The most effective way to prevent children’s exposure is to teach the community to identify environmental threats and educate them on how to their protect children. The appropriate policies and programmes should be developed and implemented as this seems to be the most effective and cheapest way to prevent children’s exposure to environmental risks.
PMID 24069864 - click here to show this article in PubMed

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