A small-scale survey of hantavirus in mammals from eastern Poland

Angelina Wójcik-Fatla 1, Violetta Zając 1, Józef P. Knap 2, Jacek Sroka 3, Ewa Cisak 1, Anna Sawczyn 1, Jacek Dutkiewicz 1
1 - Department of Zoonoses, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland
2 - Department of Epidemiology, Warsaw Medical University, Warsaw, Poland
3 - Department of Zoonoses, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland; Department of Parasitology, National Veterinary Research Institute, Puławy, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med
2013; 20 (2):
ICID: 1052331
Article type: Original article
Samples of 30 dead small mammals each were collected on area ‘A’ located in eastern Poland which is exposed to flooding by the Vistula river, and on the area ‘B’, also located in eastern Poland but not exposed to flooding. Kidneys and livers of the mammals were examined by the PCR and nested PCR methods for the presence of hantavirus RNA. Out of 7 species of small mammals examined, the presence of hantaviruses was detected in 4 of them. Hantavirus prevalence was low in Apodemus agrarius (2.6%), the most numerous mammal species, whereas in the remaining 3 positive species (Microtus agrestis, Myodes glareolus, Sorex araneus) this was 12.5–100%. The presence of hantaviruses was detected only in the animals found on area ‘A’ exposed to flooding, and their prevalence was statistically greater compared to area ‘B’ not exposed to flooding (16.7% vs. 0%, p=0.0345). The overall positivity of the examined small mammals population from the areas ‘A’ and ‘B’ was 8.3%. The sequence analysis of the samples positive for hantavirus proved that the amplified products showed 77–86% homology with the L segment sequence of hantavirus Fusong-Mf-731 isolated from Microtus fortis in China. The presented study is the first to demonstrate the occurrence of hantavirus infection in small mammals from eastern Poland, and the first to demonstrate the significant relationship between flooding and the prevalence of hantaviruses in small mammals.
PMID 23772576 - click here to show this article in PubMed

Recommend this article to:


Related articles in IndexCopernicus™
     eastern Poland [10 related records]
     floods [1 related records]
     PCR [21 related records]
     Small mammals [10 related records]
     epidemiology, [28 related records]
     hantaviruses [3 related records]


Related articles

The availability of baseline information on the epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and other associated risk behaviors is essential for designing, implementing, and monitoring successful targeted interventions. The aim of the pres...
Hepatitis C is a blood-borne, infectious, viral disease that is caused by a hepatotropic virus called Hepatitis C virus (HCV). The aim of this study was to determine the characteristics of anti-HCV positive persons in the general population in Albani...
B Ahmadi, S Rezaei,
The Use Of PCR To Diagnose Onychomycosis Caused By...
Background and Aim: Onychomycosis or nail fungus infection has an increasing prevalence with many effects on patients’ social life and mental health dermatophytes, yeasts and non-dermatophyte molds are among the best known agents of fungal ...