Various aspects of physical activity among Lithuanian adolescents
Barbara Bergier 1, Józef Bergier 1, Andrzej Wojtyła 2 1 - State School of Higher Education, Biała Podlaska, Poland 2 - Department of Mother and Child Health, University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland; Department of Hygiene, Chair of Social Medicine, University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland Ann Agric Environ Med 2012; 19 (4): ICID: 1024087 Article type: Original article
Studies of the physical activity of 17-year-old adolescents attending selected schools in Lithuania were conducted in 2010 with the use of the IPAQ. The adolescents differed with respect to the scope of leisure time possessed. Considerably more boys than girls indicated that they had a sufficient amount of leisure time, but to the contrary, considerably more girls than boys declared that they possessed an insufficient amount of free time. The majority of schoolchildren were characterized by a high level of physical activity, with the larger group being boys. Low activity was not observed among boys, and in only a few girls.
Moderate effort constituted the highest percentage of physical activity among adolescents, whereas an intensive activity – the lowest. Considering the total area of activity, there dominated occupational activity (education), while its smallest percentage was devoted to sports and recreation. Boys evaluated their physical efficacy in more negative terms than girls. Adolescents with a higher self-reported efficacy were characterized by higher physical activity. The majority of adolescents had a normal BMI. Girls and boys had different preferences concerning motor activities. Girls mainly used walks, bicycle riding, and running, while boys also chose bicycle riding and running, and played sports games. The adolescents also had new expectations – girls reported mainly horse riding, aerobics and dancing, whereas boys mentioned football and bodybuilding fitness exercises.
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