Repellents and acaricides as personal protection measures in the prevention of tick-borne diseases

Ewa Cisak 1, Angelina Wójcik-Fatla 1, Violetta Zając 1, Jacek Dutkiewicz 1
1 - Department of Zoonoses, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med
2012; 19 (4):
ICID: 1023853
Article type: Review article
A number of preventive measures for the protection of humans against tick-borne diseases were evaluated. Measures involving the avoidance of tick bites with the use of protective clothing and insect repellents are the simplest and most effective. Repellents are applied directly to the skin or clothing and other fabrics, such as bednets, tents and anti-mosquito screens. Currently, DEET (N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide) is considered the most efficient arthropod repellent reference substance. The registered and recommended active repellent ingredients for skin and/or cloths application, among others, are: DEET, 1-methyl-propyl-2- (hydroxyethyl)-1-piperidinecarboxylate (picaridin), p-menthane-3,8-diol (PMD), ethyl butylactyloaminopropionate ( IR3535), 1S,2S-2-methylpiperidinyl-3-cyclohexene-1-carboxamide (SS220), racemic 2-methylpiperidinyl-3-cyclohexene-1-carboxamide (AI3-37220) and synthethic pyrethroid – 3-phenoxybenzyl-cis-trans-3(2,2 dichlorovinyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropancarboxylate (permethrin) – an acaricide with repellent properties. To achieve the protection from tick bites by avoiding attachment and/or engorgement by the arthropod, acaricides with repellent properties, such as synthetic pyrethroid-permethrin are used. This pyrethroid is an acaricide of choice used for clothing impregnation, which is effective for personal protection against all three parasitic stages of western black-legged ticks. Products based on natural compounds, e.g. eugenol from Ocimum basilicum, 2-undecanone originally derived from wild tomato, geraniol – a natural product extracted from plants, and many others, represent an interesting alternative to common synthetic repellents and/or acaricides.
PMID 23311778 - click here to show this article in PubMed

Recommend this article to:


Related articles in IndexCopernicus™
     acaricides [2 related records]
     repellents [3 related records]
     personal protection measures [0 related records]
     Tick transmitted diseases [0 related records]


Related articles

K Bartosik, A Buczek,
Head pediculosis in schoolchildren in the eastern ...
Objective. The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence of head pediculosis among children from state primary schools in the villages and towns in eastern Poland, one of the poorest regions of the European Union. Materi...
A Wójcik-Fatla, A Kloc,
Potencjalna rola kleszczy z gatunku Dermacentor re...
Wprowadzenie i cel pracy. Kleszcze są zaliczane do obligatoryjnych ektopasożytów kręgowców lądowych, w tym również i człowieka. Stanowią rezerwuar, niekiedy wektor wielu drobnoustrojów chorobotwórczych (bakterii, wirusów i pierwot...
J Śliwa, T Zając,
In the growing season 2014, yield and chemical composition of soybean cv. Merlin was studied in three localities in western Poland. Seeds dressed with Hi Stick SoybeanTM inoculant (Saatbau®) in Fix Fertig system were sown at the sowing density of 70...