Health effects of selected microbiological control agents. A 3-year follow-up study

Jesper Baelum 1, Preben Larsen 2, Gert Doekes 3, Torben Sigsgaard 4
1 - Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Odense University Hospital, Denmark
2 - Medical Department, Fredericia Hospital, Denmark
3 - Institute of Risk Assessment, University of Utrecht, the Netherlands
4 - Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, Institute of Public Health, Aarhus University, Denmark
Ann Agric Environ Med
2012; 19 (4):
ICID: 1023850
Article type: Original article
Introduction and objectives: Microbiological control agents (MBCA) are widely used in greenhouses, replacing chemical pesticides. The presented study aims to describe health effects of exposure to three types commonly used: Bacillus thuringiensis, Verticillium lecanii, and Trichoderma harzenianum covering seven different products in greenhouse workers with emphasis on sensitization and respiratory effects.
Methods: 579 persons aged 17-67 years culturing ornamental flowers were included. They were followed for three years with annual examinations including interview about exposure and symptoms, lung function, including bronchial (histamine) challenge test, and blood samples. Direct and indirect exposure for each person and year was estimated by information from respondents and employers. IgE in serum against the 7 products of MCBA was analyzed using an enzyme immunoassay technique.
Results: 65%, 40%, and 78% were exposed to B. thuringiensis, V. lecanii, and T. harzenianum, respectively, while 6, 3 and 3% were handling the products. IgE against B. thuringiensis was seen in 53% of the samples and with prevalence rate ratios among exposed increasing from 1.20 (CI95%:1.01-1.42) to 1.43 (CI95%:1.09-1.87) over the 3-year period. There was no relation
between exposure to any MBCA and neither prevalence nor incidence of respiratory symptoms and there was no effect on lung function or bronchial responsiveness.
Conclusions: Use of B. thuringiensis in greenhouses may give rise to sensitization while no effect on the occurrence of respiratory symptoms or lung function was observed. The persons had a relatively long exposure. Therefore, a healthy worker effect may have influenced the results.
PMID 23311779 - click here to show this article in PubMed

Recommend this article to:


Related articles in IndexCopernicus™
     health effects [35 related records]
     allergic sensitization [4 related records]
     Verticillium Lecanii [2 related records]
     Trichoderma harzeniani [0 related records]
     Bacillus thuringiensis [36 related records]


Related articles

G Goudarzi, S Geravandi,
Estimate of cardiovascular and respiratory mortali...
Introduction Sulfur dioxide has been widely studied among the human- made pollutants. Air pollution is a major environmental risk to health. The less air pollution, the better the cardiovascular and respiratory health of the population will be, both...
K Anastasiia, K Ludmila,

 Study of High Fluorides in Ground Water Reso...
 Fluorides in various ground water resources of Keshorai Patan Tehsil of Bundi district were analyzed, and result found are discussed in this paper This study has its importance due to cumulative health effects of Fluoride on not only human bo...