Prevalence of metabolic syndrome among 40- and 50-year-old inhabitants of Wroclaw, Poland

Rafał Ilow 1, Bożena Regulska-Ilow 2, Dorota Różańska 2, Alicja Kowalisko 3, Jadwiga Biernat 1
1 - Department of Food Science and Dietetics, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland
2 - Department of Dietetics, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland
3 - Cardiology Centre – Pro Corde, Wroclaw, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med
2012; 19 (3):
ICID: 1010940
Article type: Original article
Introduction and objective. The metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been discussed for many years, but there is no doubt that those who have confirmed the presence of risk factors comprising the MetS had a higher risk of cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of MetS among 40- and 50-year-old (y.o.) inhabitants of Wroclaw, Poland.
Materials and methods. The study group included Wroclaw inhabitants who were recruited between 2001-2004 into the Cardiovascular Disease Prevention Programme. The study group consisted of 18,583 participants (females: 40 y.o. – 5,248 and 50 y.o. – 5,329; males: 40 y.o. – 4,229 and 50 y.o. – 3,777). The MetS was defined by IDF/NHLBI/AHA (2009) criteria.
Results. MetS was found in 12.7% of 40 y.o. and in 33.1% of 50 y.o. females, while in males, respectively, in 30.4% and 42.1%. Overall, MetS occurred in 28.5% of the study group. MetS occurred significantly more frequent among the older than the younger groups, both in females and males. MetS was found significantly more frequent among males than females from Wroclaw, in both 40- and in 50 y.o. participants. Among those females with MetS, the most frequently (more than 90% in both age groups) occurred excessive waist circumference (WC), followed by elevated blood pressure-BP (72.1% of 40 y.o., 86.8% of 50 y.o.). Excessive WC, elevated BP and triglycerides-TG was found in more than 80% of males aged 40 and with diagnosed MetS. Among the older group of males with MetS, the most frequently occurred elevated BP (90.4%), followed by excessive WC (87%) and elevated TG (78.5%).
Conclusion. MetS was diagnosed more frequent in males than females of Wroclaw. Prevalence of MetS increased with age. The most significant impact on reducing the prevalence of MetS in the study group would be the lowering of BP and WC to recommended values.
PMID 23020055 - click here to show this article in PubMed

Recommend this article to:


Related articles in IndexCopernicus™
     metabolic syndrome [467 related records]
     cardiovascular disease (CVD) [2 related records]
     Risk Factors [15916 related records]


Related articles

A Apte, A Jain,
  CONTEXT: Surgical site infections (SSI) remain a significant problem following an operation and the second most frequently reported nosocomial infections. Aim:The current study was undertaken to identify various risk factors for SS...
A Watharkar, S Nigam,
Assessment of Risk factors for overweight and obes...
Background: Adolescent obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century. The problem is global and is steadily affecting many low and middle-income countries, particularly in urban settings. Objective: To determine risk...
T Valković, V Gačić,
Infections in Hospitalised Patients with Multiple ...
Objective: Multiple myeloma is a common haematological malignancy and immune dysfunction is the hallmark of the disease. It leads to an increased infection risk, which is still a major cause of mortality. The infection spectrum and characteristics ha...