Passive smoking as an environmental health risk factor

Małgorzata H. J. Sikorska – Jaroszyńska 1, Maria Mielnik - Błaszczak 1, Dorota Krawczyk 1, Alicja Nasiłowska-Barud 2, Jerzy Błaszczak 3
1 - Chair and Department of Paedodontics, Medical University, Lublin, Poland
2 - Department of Clinical Psychology, Medical University, Lublin, Poland
3 - Department of Dental Prostetics, Medical University, Lublin, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med
2012; 19 (3):
ICID: 1010934
Article type: Review article
Initially, tobacco was considered as a decorative plant and only later began to be treated as a herb with special therapeutic properties. With time, it was found that tobacco had strong insecticidal and addictive properties. There also occurred reports about the negative influence of tobacco on human health. The World Health Organization (WHO) classifies smoking as a chronic, progressive disease which is also ‘contagious’. It is also considered to be a neurobiotic addiction. Nicotine addiction does not cause changes in the behaviour or functioning of a smoker; however, it adversely affects his or her general health status and the health status of people within their environment. Passive smoking (so-called ETS – Environmental Tobacco Smoke), which means accompanying smokers negatively influences the health of passive smokers. Environmental tobacco smoke, on the one hand, is the result of spontaneous cigarette burning and, on the other hand, the result of the side-stream of cigarette smoke, as well as the smoke exhaled by active smokers. Health personnel should clearly and convincingly present the data concerning the adverse results of smoking, as well as the dangers of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, thereby making their patients aware that breaking their addiction will not only be beneficial for their own health, but will also protect non-smokers in their environment from the adverse effects of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke.
PMID 23020054 - click here to show this article in PubMed

Recommend this article to:


Related articles in IndexCopernicus™
     Passive smoking [31 related records]
     environmental tobacco smoke [12 related records]
     Second Hand Smoking [0 related records]


Related articles

Z Lorenc, M Majewski,
 Quality of Life and Level of Anxiety in Pati...
Introduction: Cholelithiasis involves the presence of gallstones that form in the biliary tract, usually in the gallbladder. Symptomatic cholelithiasis is an indication for surgical treatment. Quality of life and patient satisfaction following surger...
B Krawczyk, P Mackiewicz,
Influence analysis of counterweight type used in s...
The requirements of the current standards and specifications do not give clear guidance as to the design of counterweight during the static plate load test. For example, there are no detailed requirements concerning the weight of vehicle used as the ...
K Krawczyk,
Selected parameters of anaerobic capacity and body...
Study aim. Review of literature related to handball reveals that modern handball performed at the highest level of competition is dominated by short-term, 5–20 second sequences of anaerobic efforts. Given the above data and lack of scientific repor...