Tobacco smoking in countries of the European Union

Witold Zatoński 1, Krzysztof Przewoźniak 1, Urszula Sulkowska 1, Robert West 2, Andrzej Wojtyła 3
1 - Cancer Center and Institute of Oncology, Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Division, Warsaw, Poland
2 - Department of Epidemiology & Public Health; Cancer Research UK Health Behaviour Unit, Tobacco Studies, University College London, London, UK
3 - Department of Health Promotion, Food and Nutrition, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med
2012; 19 (2):
ICID: 1002007
Article type: Original article
Background: Existing smoking prevalence comparisons between the ‘old’ and ‘new’ members of the European Union (EU) give a misleading picture because of differences in methodology. A major EU project designed to find ways of closing the health gap between the member states, included the first ever comparison of smoking prevalence between these countries using a methodology that minimises potential biases.
Methods: A detailed analysis of methods and data from the most recent nationwide studies was conducted in the adult population of 27 countries of the European Union and Russia as an external comparator. To maximise comparability, daily smoking in the age range 20-64 was used. Prevalence of current daily smoking, former smoking and never smoking were age-standardised and calculated separately for males and females.
Findings: The European map of smoking prevalence shows that male smoking prevalence is much higher in the new than the old members of the EU, whereas in females the reverse is true, but there are also very large differences in smoking rates between particular countries within the same region. Sweden clearly has the lowest prevalence, and the prevalence in the United Kingdom (UK) at the time of the surveys emerges as near the average for old-Europe but higher than, for example, Ireland.
Interpretation: Restricting the analysis to daily smokers aged 20-64 produces a map of Europe in which variation in prevalence between individual countries within regions is as important as variation across regions. Survey methods need to be harmonised across countries to enable comparisons involving all ages and non-daily as well as daily smokers.
PMID 22742786 - click here to show this article in PubMed

Recommend this article to:


Related articles in IndexCopernicus™
     tabacco smoking [3 related records]
     European Union [11 related records]


Related articles

A Sadowski, A Baer-Nawrocka,
The paper covers the issues of a basic social need, namely alimentation. The aim of the research is to evaluate the energetic food self-sufficiency and its changes in the European Union countries. The research has been conducted using the author’s ...
G Ocak,  Ocak,
Turkish Students’ Metaphors about the European U...
The aim of this qualitative study was to examine and compare the metaphors of Primary School Secondary Level Students related to the European Union. A total of 399 Primary School Secondary Level students were involved in this study. In the form gi...

Criminal falsification of medicines in EU...
  Falsified medicines (the term ‘falsified’ is used to distinguish the issue from IP violations, so-called ‘counterfeits’) are a major threat to public health and safety. As falsifications become more sophisticated, the risk that falsifi...