Seroprevalence of Leptospira spp. and Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in Italian horses

Valentina V. Ebani 1, Fabrizio Bertelloni 1, Paolo Pinzauti 1, Domenico Cerri 1
1 - Department of Animal Pathology, Prophylaxis and Food Hygiene. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pisa, Italy
Ann Agric Environ Med
2012; 19 (2):
ICID: 1001995
Article type: Original article
 
 
The aim of the study was to determine the seroprevalence of Leptospira spp. and Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in healthy horses living in 7 provinces of central Italy. In the period 2007-2009, sera from 386 horses were tested by microagglutination test (MAT) to detect antibodies to Leptospira spp., employing the following serovars as antigens: Bratislava, Ballum, Canicola, Icterohaemorrhagiae, Grippotyphosa, Hardjo, Pomona, Tarassovi. 3 animals were positive for the serovars Icterohaemorrhagiae, 2 to Bratislava, and 1 to Pomona, for a total 1.5% seroprevalence. All sera were examined by immunofluorence antibody test (IFAT) to reveal anti-B. burgdorferi s.l. antibodies. 94 (24.3%) horses were positive with antibody titres ranging from 1:64 to 1:1,024. The seroprevalence was significantly higher in >10 year-old horses compared to younger subjects. No significant differences in the mean seroprevalence were observed in the respective years. The total mean seroprevalence were strictly related to the environmental conditions of the areas in which the horses lived. No cross-reactions between Leptospira and Borrelia were observed. This is the first serological survey on antibodies to B. burgdorferi s.l. in Italian horses.
  FULL TEXT STATS

Recommend this article to:

Name:
E-mail:
From:
Language:


Related articles in IndexCopernicus™
     Leptospira spp. [1 related records]
     Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato [5 related records]
     horse [34 related records]
     MAT [9 related records]
     IFAT [9 related records]



 

Related articles

E Bártová, J Marková,
Prevalence of antibodies to Encephalitozoon cunicu...
Introduction and objectives. Encephalitozoon cuniculi is an obligate intracellular parasite infecting especially domestic rabbits; however, spontaneous infections have been documented in other mammalian species such as dogs, cats, rabbi...
ABSTRACT
I Rodríguez, C Burri,
Multiplex PCR for molecular screening of Borrelia ...
Introduction. Ticks transmit a great variety of pathogenic microorganisms to humans and animals. The detection of tick-borne pathogens (TBP) is mainly by molecular techniques based on polymerase chain reactions (PCR). Objective. To ...
ABSTRACT
L Correa A, C Reyes E,
Genetic diversity detection of the domestic horse ...
Objective. To assess the population structure and genetic diversity in populations of domestic horse (Equus caballus) in the municipality Cienaga de Oro-Córdoba (Colombia). Materials and methods. Random sampling were conducted between ...
ABSTRACT