Dietary habits and body image perception among Polish adolescents and young adults - a population based study

Lucyna Kapka-Skrzypczak 1, Barbara Bergier 2, Julia Diatczyk 3, Joanna Niedźwiecka 4, Przemysław Biliński 5, Andrzej Wojtyła 6
1 - Independent Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland and Department of Public Health, University of Information Technology and Management, Rzeszow, Poland
2 - John Paul II State Higher Vocational School, Biała Podlaska, Poland
3 - Department of Health Promotion, Food and Nutrition, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland and Maria Curie –Skłodowska University, Lublin, Poland
4 - Independent Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland
5 - Chief Sanitary Inspectorate, Warsaw, Poland and Institute of Haematology and Transfusion Medicine, Warsaw, Poland
6 - Department of Health Promotion, Food and Nutrition, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med
2012; 19 (2):
ICID: 1001803
Article type: Original article
 
 
Patterns of nutritional behaviours shaped in childhood and during the period of adolescents are mostly continued in adult life, and on these patterns, to a great degree, depends the risk of development of many chronic diseases.
The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between dietary habits and body image perception among Polish adolescents and young adults. The study group covered 14,511 adolescents/young adults: 10,081 children attending high schools and secondary schools, and 4,428 university students.
More than 87% of schoolchildren and students admitted that that they snacked between meals everyday, and 1/3 of them mentioned that they consumed meals at night. As many as 41.40% of schoolchildren, and 46.70% of students experienced the feeling of overeating at least several times a week. Analysis of the respondents BMI showed that in the group of students there were considerably more respondents obese or overweight, compared to the group of schoolchildren. Fear of gaining weight was mentioned by 9.90% of respondents, including 6.90% of those with normal body structure, 1.40% with underweight or overweight, and 0.40% of those obese. As many as 54.60% of the total number of respondents described their body structure as remaining within the normal, 23.7% - as slim, 13.9% reported that they were overweight, 6% - thin, while 1.7% considered themselves as obese. A comprehensive analysis of the data available, including attempts at dieting or gaining weight, indicated that approximately ¾ of obese respondents had undertaken attempts in the past to reduce their body weight.
The importance of physical activity and healthy eating habits should be given due attention not only to prevent obesity but also other eating disorder.
PMID 22742806 - click here to show this article in PubMed
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